Tree Species

DCLA Native Tree and Shrub Sale
Plant Descriptions and Ideal environments

Hints for success: Plant shrubs and trees so the root collar rests just above the soil, similar to how it was grown as a seedling. Fill the hole with topsoil, tamp as you proceed. Water after installation. Suppress weed growth by mulching within a yard of seedling. Water often throughout 1st year.

This year we have available:


High Bush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum
Recommended for shoreline planting. 6-12’ tall, pretty white blossoms in late spring, clusters of red berries in summer, and plenty of fall colour. Can be found in wet areas along shorelines, swamps and forest edges. In a garden setting, moist, well-drained soil is best. Prefers sun, to partial shade. For wildlife, this is an important survival food as winter progresses.

Nannyberry Viburnum lentago
6-9’ metres tall, white flowers in spring, purple fruit in fall. Suitable for shoreline planting, as well as wood edges and roadsides. An important species for wildlife.


Black Walnut Juglans nigra
This species is recognized by its dark, thickly ridged bark and coarse branches. The fruits are round and not sticky, and the nut is round with smooth ridges. It can live to be 150 years old, grow up to 30 m tall and prefers moist, well-drained, rich soils in full sunlight, it is intolerant of shade.

Red Oak Quercus rubra
Height 60-80’, can tolerate a variety of moisture levels and soil types. Will tolerate shade when young, prefers full sun. Acorns an important food source for birds and forest mammals.

Sugar Maple Acer Saccharum
This is the famous tree renowned for its syrup and pictured on our flag. Habitat is forests and open areas. Planting these, and the Oak is an investment for your grandchildren.


Evergreen/softwood Trees

Balsam Fir Abies balsamea
The balsam grows up to 30 m tall with the trunk 60 centimetres in diameter.  It can grow in soil of different moisture levels and tolerates shade but prefers a sunny spot.  The roots of the balsam fir don’t go very deep in to the soil so be sure to plant your balsam fir in a sheltered area, away from your house.

White Cedar Thuja occidentalis
Small, hardy, slow growing tree that can live up to 200 years! Likes cool, moist, nutrient rich sites. Valuable habitat for wildlife, especially deer during severe winters. Called arborvitae by Jacques Cartier as he learned from the Indigenous people how to treat scurvy with the foliage! Just in case…

White Pine Pinus strobus
Prefers well drained, sandy soil. Provides food and shelter for forest animals. Mature trees are often 200-250 years old. Is considered to be the tallest tree species in eastern N America, up to 230’. Thoreau stated, “There is no finer tree”.

"I think that I shall never see
A poem as lovely as a tree."
From “Trees” by Joyce Kilmer